April 7, 2023—Children in low-opportunity neighborhoods—where employment options are few, transportation is unreliable, and crime and poverty rates are high—face an increased risk of premature death and of experiencing the premature death of a caregiver, according to a new study led by Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.
The researchers assessed neighborhood opportunity using the Childhood Opportunity Index 2.0, a tool that measures the quality of neighborhoods based on 29 indicators around education, health, and social and economic context. They also looked at 11 years’ worth of health outcomes data on 1,025,000 children, from the Mortality Disparities in American Communities study.
Children in very low-opportunity neighborhoods had a risk of dying prematurely 1.3 times higher than…
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